CLH-9.30.2014-Q3
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_______________________
FORM 10-Q
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
 
 
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED SEPTEMBER 30, 2014
OR
 
 
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM         TO       

Commission File Number 001-34223
_______________________
CLEAN HARBORS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Massachusetts
 
04-2997780
(State or Other Jurisdiction of Incorporation or Organization)
 
(IRS Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
42 Longwater Drive, Norwell, MA
 
02061-9149
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
(781) 792-5000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including area code)
_______________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports) and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes x  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). Yes  x  No o

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer x
 
Accelerated filer o
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer o
 
Smaller reporting company o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
 
 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined by Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes o  No x

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date.

Common Stock, $.01 par value
 
59,947,558
(Class)
 
(Outstanding as of November 3, 2014)



CLEAN HARBORS, INC.

QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 



Table of Contents



CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands)

 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
258,021

 
$
310,073

Marketable securities

 
12,435

Accounts receivable, net of allowances aggregating $22,791 and $18,106, respectively
575,575

 
579,394

Unbilled accounts receivable
50,050

 
26,568

Deferred costs
18,676

 
16,134

Inventories and supplies
170,934

 
152,096

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
48,540

 
41,962

Deferred tax assets
32,141

 
32,517

Total current assets
1,153,937

 
1,171,179

Property, plant and equipment, net
1,579,701

 
1,602,170

Other assets:
 
 
 
Deferred financing costs
18,403

 
20,860

Goodwill
449,577

 
570,960

Permits and other intangibles, net
541,874

 
569,973

Other
17,725

 
18,536

Total other assets
1,027,579

 
1,180,329

Total assets
$
3,761,217

 
$
3,953,678

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current portion of capital lease obligations
$
264

 
$
1,329

Accounts payable
251,832

 
316,462

Deferred revenue
63,909

 
55,454

Accrued expenses
260,123

 
236,829

Current portion of closure, post-closure and remedial liabilities
32,742

 
29,471

Total current liabilities
608,870

 
639,545

Other liabilities:
 
 
 
Closure and post-closure liabilities, less current portion of $3,839 and $5,884, respectively
46,287

 
41,201

Remedial liabilities, less current portion of $28,903 and $23,587, respectively
133,972

 
148,911

Long-term obligations
1,395,000

 
1,400,000

Capital lease obligations, less current portion
733

 
1,435

Deferred taxes, unrecognized tax benefits and other long-term liabilities
255,804

 
246,947

Total other liabilities
1,831,796

 
1,838,494

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $.01 par value:
 
 
 
Authorized 80,000,000; shares issued and outstanding 59,947,866 and 60,672,180
 shares, respectively
600

 
607

Shares held under employee participation plan
(469
)
 
(469
)
Additional paid-in capital
853,350

 
898,165

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(74,117
)
 
(19,556
)
Accumulated earnings
541,187

 
596,892

Total stockholders’ equity
1,320,551

 
1,475,639

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
3,761,217

 
$
3,953,678

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF (LOSS) INCOME

(in thousands except per share amounts)

 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service revenues
$
657,221

 
$
702,033

 
$
1,962,071

 
$
2,048,527

Product revenues
194,244

 
205,502

 
594,541

 
581,699

Total revenues
851,465

 
907,535

 
2,556,612

 
2,630,226

Cost of revenues (exclusive of items shown separately below)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service revenues
440,261

 
478,434

 
1,333,443

 
1,402,409

Product revenues
158,146

 
168,685

 
497,633

 
495,060

Total cost of revenues
598,407

 
647,119

 
1,831,076

 
1,897,469

Selling, general and administrative expenses
99,701

 
114,464

 
334,394

 
365,546

Accretion of environmental liabilities
2,642

 
2,914

 
7,975

 
8,628

Depreciation and amortization
70,049

 
69,430

 
205,480

 
196,904

Goodwill impairment charge
123,414

 

 
123,414

 

(Loss) income from operations
(42,748
)
 
73,608

 
54,273

 
161,679

Other income (expense)
613

 
(150
)
 
4,136

 
2,030

Interest expense, net of interest income of $174, $96, $590 and $362, respectively
(19,494
)
 
(19,326
)
 
(58,430
)
 
(58,784
)
(Loss) income before provision for income taxes
(61,629
)
 
54,132

 
(21
)
 
104,925

Provision for income taxes
31,708

 
18,771

 
55,684

 
36,160

Net (loss) income
$
(93,337
)
 
$
35,361

 
$
(55,705
)
 
$
68,765

(Loss) earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(1.55
)
 
$
0.58

 
$
(0.92
)
 
$
1.14

Diluted
$
(1.55
)
 
$
0.58

 
$
(0.92
)
 
$
1.13

Shares used to compute (loss) earnings per share - Basic
60,369

 
60,610

 
60,585

 
60,542

Shares used to compute (loss) earnings per share - Diluted
60,369

 
60,760

 
60,585

 
60,692


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

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CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE (LOSS) INCOME

(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Net (loss) income
$
(93,337
)
 
$
35,361

 
$
(55,705
)
 
$
68,765

Other comprehensive (loss) income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale securities (net of taxes of $18, $153, $159 and $61 respectively)
102

 
1,074

 
901

 
359

Reclassification adjustment for gains on available-for-sale securities included in net (loss) income (net of taxes of $4, $0, $508 and $0 respectively)
(23
)
 

 
(2,880
)
 

Foreign currency translation adjustments
(49,171
)
 
20,731

 
(52,582
)
 
(37,921
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income
(49,092
)
 
21,805

 
(54,561
)
 
(37,562
)
Comprehensive (loss) income
$
(142,429
)
 
$
57,166

 
$
(110,266
)
 
$
31,203


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.


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CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(55,705
)
 
$
68,765

Adjustments to reconcile net (loss) income to net cash from operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
205,480

 
196,904

Goodwill impairment charge
123,414

 

Pre-tax, non-cash acquisition accounting inventory adjustments

 
13,559

Allowance for doubtful accounts
6,743

 
5,281

Amortization of deferred financing costs and debt discount
2,457

 
2,539

Accretion of environmental liabilities
7,975

 
8,628

Changes in environmental liability estimates
(2,991
)
 
(2,417
)
Deferred income taxes
8,506

 
272

Stock-based compensation
6,446

 
6,389

Excess tax benefit of stock-based compensation
(829
)
 
(1,589
)
Income tax benefit related to stock option exercises
829

 
1,579

Other income
(4,136
)
 
(2,030
)
Environmental expenditures
(12,130
)
 
(15,928
)
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions
 
 
 
Accounts receivable and unbilled accounts receivable
(35,708
)
 
(88,000
)
Inventories and supplies
(20,675
)
 
1,710

Other current assets
(10,048
)
 
27,483

Accounts payable
(53,352
)
 
37,257

Other current and long-term liabilities
29,763

 
19,712

Net cash from operating activities
196,039

 
280,114

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Additions to property, plant and equipment
(198,877
)
 
(207,641
)
Proceeds from sales of fixed assets
5,913

 
3,700

Proceeds from sales of marketable securities
12,947

 

Acquisitions, net of cash acquired
(6,150
)
 
(59,458
)
Additions to intangible assets, including costs to obtain or renew permits
(5,443
)
 
(4,357
)
Other
914

 
(11
)
Net cash used in investing activities
(190,696
)
 
(267,767
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Change in uncashed checks
(591
)
 
9,754

Proceeds from exercise of stock options

 
399

Remittance of shares, net
(2,668
)
 
(599
)
Repurchases of common stock
(48,329
)
 

Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan
4,364

 
5,327

Deferred financing costs paid

 
(2,446
)
Repayment of long-term obligations
(5,000
)
 

Payments on capital leases
(1,682
)
 
(4,096
)
Issuance costs related to 2012 issuance of common stock

 
(250
)
Excess tax benefit of stock-based compensation
829

 
1,589

Net cash from financing activities
(53,077
)
 
9,678

Effect of exchange rate change on cash
(4,318
)
 
(3,226
)
(Decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(52,052
)
 
18,799

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
310,073

 
229,836

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
258,021

 
$
248,635

Supplemental information:
 
 
 
Cash payments for interest and income taxes:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
58,446

 
$
58,084

Income taxes paid
21,737

 
8,386

Non-cash investing and financing activities:
 
 
 
Accrual for repurchased shares
5,464

 

Property, plant and equipment accrued
23,976

 
39,804

Transfer of inventory to property, plant and equipment

 
11,369

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4


CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands)

 
Common Stock
 
Shares Held
Under
Employee
Participation
Plan
 
 
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive Loss
 
 
 
 
 
Number
of
Shares
 
$ 0.01
Par
Value
 
 
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
 
 
Accumulated
Earnings
 
Total
Stockholders’
Equity
Balance at January 1, 2014
60,672

 
$
607

 
$
(469
)
 
$
898,165

 
$
(19,556
)
 
$
596,892

 
$
1,475,639

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 
(55,705
)
 
(55,705
)
Other comprehensive loss

 

 

 

 
(54,561
)
 

 
(54,561
)
Stock-based compensation

 

 

 
6,446

 

 

 
6,446

Issuance of restricted shares, net of shares remitted
108

 
1

 

 
(2,669
)
 

 

 
(2,668
)
Repurchases of common stock
(923
)
 
(9
)
 

 
(53,784
)
 

 

 
(53,793
)
Net tax benefit on exercise of stock-based awards

 

 

 
829

 

 

 
829

Employee stock purchase plan
91

 
1

 

 
4,363

 

 

 
4,364

Balance at September 30, 2014
59,948

 
$
600

 
$
(469
)
 
$
853,350

 
$
(74,117
)
 
$
541,187

 
$
1,320,551



The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.


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CLEAN HARBORS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO UNAUDITED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(1) BASIS OF PRESENTATION

The accompanying consolidated interim financial statements are unaudited and include the accounts of Clean Harbors, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “Clean Harbors,” the “Company” or "we") and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) and, in the opinion of management, include all adjustments which are of a normal recurring nature, necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations, and cash flows for the periods presented. Management has made estimates and assumptions affecting the amounts reported in the Company's consolidated interim financial statements and accompanying footnotes, actual results could differ from those estimates and judgments. The results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results for the entire year or any other interim periods. The financial statements presented herein should be read in connection with the financial statements included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013.
Reclassifications
During the second quarter of 2014, the Company made changes to the manner in which it manages its business, makes operating decisions and assesses performance. These changes included the reassignment of certain departments among its operating segments consistent with management reporting changes as well as the identification of Lodging Services as an additional segment. Under the new structure, the Company's operations are managed in six reportable segments: Technical Services, Industrial and Field Services, Oil Re-refining and Recycling, SK Environmental Services, Lodging Services and Oil and Gas Field Services. The prior year segment information has been recast to conform to the current year presentation. See Note 17, “Segment Reporting.”    
During the third quarter of 2014, the Company has aggregated cash flow effects of the change in unbilled receivables with the change from accounts receivable in the Unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. Prior year amounts have been recast to conform to the current year presentation.
(2) SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The Company's significant accounting policies are described in Note 2, "Significant Accounting Policies," in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013. There have been no material changes in these policies or their application.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Standards implemented
On January 1, 2014, the Company adopted the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standard Update (“ASU”) 2013-11 Income Taxes (Topic 740) - Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists. This standard provides guidance regarding when an unrecognized tax benefit should be classified as a reduction to a deferred tax asset or when it should be classified as a liability in the consolidated balance sheet. The adoption of ASU 2013-11 did not have an impact on the Company's consolidated balance sheets.
Standards to be implemented
In May 2014, FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). ASU 2014-09 outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers and supersedes most current revenue recognition guidance, including industry-specific guidance. This new guidance is effective for annual reporting periods (including interim reporting periods within those periods) beginning after December 15, 2016.    
In April 2014, FASB issued ASU 2014-08, Presentation of Financial Statements (Topic 205) and Property, Plant, and Equipment (Topic 360). The amendments in ASU 2014-08 provide guidance for the recognition and disclosure of discontinued operations. ASU 2014-08 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2014.
The Company is currently evaluating the impact that the above standards to be implemented will have on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

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(3) BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
Evergreen
On September 13, 2013, the Company acquired 100% of the outstanding common shares of Evergreen Oil, Inc. (“Evergreen”) for a final purchase price of $56.3 million in cash, net of cash acquired. Evergreen, headquartered in Irvine, California, specializes in the recovery and re-refining of used oil. Evergreen owns and operates one of the only oil re-refining operations in the western United States and also offers other ancillary environmental services, including parts cleaning and containerized waste services, vacuum services and hazardous waste management services. The acquisition of Evergreen enables the Company to further penetrate the small quantity waste generator market and further expand its oil re-refining, oil recycling and waste treatment capabilities. Financial information and results of Evergreen have been recorded in our consolidated financial statements since acquisition and are primarily included in the Oil Re-refining and Recycling segment.
Management determined the purchase price allocations based on estimates of the fair values of all tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The Company believes that such information provides a reasonable basis for estimating the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed. The Company has finalized the purchase accounting for the acquisition of Evergreen. The impact of the purchase price measurement period adjustments and related tax impacts recorded in the current period was not material to the consolidated financial statements and accordingly the effects have not been retrospectively applied.
The following table summarizes the recognized amounts of assets acquired and liabilities assumed at September 13, 2013 (in thousands):
 
At acquisition date as reported at
December 31, 2013
 
Measurement Period Adjustments
 
At acquisition date as reported at
September 30, 2014
Inventories and supplies
$
1,089

 
$

 
$
1,089

Prepaid and other current assets
1,291

 
(273
)
 
1,018

Property, plant and equipment
40,563

 

 
40,563

Permits and other intangibles
17,100

 

 
17,100

Deferred tax assets, less current portion
2,368

 
(2,368
)
 

Other assets
3,607

 
(239
)
 
3,368

Current liabilities
(6,198
)
 
(552
)
 
(6,750
)
Closure and post-closure liabilities
(659
)
 

 
(659
)
Remedial liabilities, less current portion
(2,103
)
 
463

 
(1,640
)
Deferred taxes, unrecognized tax benefits and other long-term liabilities
(1,139
)
 
(920
)
 
(2,059
)
Total identifiable net assets
55,919

 
(3,889
)
 
52,030

Goodwill

 
4,288

 
4,288

Total
$
55,919

 
$
399

 
$
56,318

2014 Acquisitions
On May 30, 2014 the Company acquired certain assets of a privately owned U.S. company which provides carbon treatment systems and rental remediation equipment for approximately $6.2 million in cash. The purchase price is subject to customary post-closing adjustments based upon finalized working capital amounts. The acquired company has been integrated into the Technical Services segment.
(4) MARKETABLE SECURITIES
The Company classifies its marketable securities as available-for-sale and accordingly carries such securities at fair value based upon readily available quoted market prices of the securities. Unrealized gains and losses are reported, net of tax, as a component of other comprehensive income. On September 30, 2014, the Company did not hold any marketable securities. On December 31, 2013, marketable securities held by the Company were recorded at $12.4 million. Those marketable securities were classified as Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Company sold marketable securities and recognized a gain of $3.4 million recorded as other income in the consolidated statement of (loss) income. There were no realized gains or losses from the sale of marketable securities during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013.

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(5) INVENTORIES AND SUPPLIES
Inventories and supplies consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Oil and oil products
$
67,005

 
$
59,639

Supplies and drums
68,765

 
64,471

Solvent and solutions
9,282

 
10,100

Other
25,882

 
17,886

Total inventories and supplies
$
170,934

 
$
152,096

As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, other inventory primarily consisted of parts washer components and lodging inventory.
(6) PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
Property, plant and equipment consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Land
$
99,006

 
$
99,794

Asset retirement costs (non-landfill)
10,899

 
10,938

Landfill assets
109,114

 
100,983

Buildings and improvements
330,405

 
327,956

Camp equipment
178,221

 
187,831

Vehicles
466,726

 
425,296

Equipment
1,282,855

 
1,201,296

Furniture and fixtures
5,574

 
5,260

Construction in progress
62,548

 
58,010

 
2,545,348

 
2,417,364

Less - accumulated depreciation and amortization
965,647

 
815,194

Total property, plant and equipment, net
$
1,579,701

 
$
1,602,170

(7) GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
The changes to goodwill for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were as follows (in thousands):
 
2014
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
570,960

Acquired from acquisitions
5,018

Increase from adjustments during the measurement period related to Evergreen
4,288

Goodwill impairment charge
(123,414
)
Foreign currency translation
(7,275
)
Balance at September 30, 2014
$
449,577

At September 30, 2014 the total accumulated goodwill impairment charge was $123.4 million, all within the Oil Re-refining and Recycling segment.

The Company assesses goodwill for impairment on an annual basis as of December 31, or at an interim date when events or changes in the business environment would more likely than not reduce the fair value of a reporting unit below its carrying value. The Company conducted the annual impairment test of goodwill for all reporting units as of December 31, 2013 and determined that no adjustment to the carrying value of goodwill for any reporting unit was necessary because the fair value of each of the reporting units exceeded that reporting unit's respective carrying value.

During the first and second quarters of 2014, the Company considered both external and business specific circumstances impacting the Oil Re-refining and Recycling reporting unit and concluded that an interim goodwill impairment test was not necessary. However, as of September 30, 2014 and principally resulting from current decreases in the market prices of oil products

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sold by the reporting unit which negatively impact anticipated revenue and earnings levels, the Company concluded that an interim goodwill impairment test was required.
    
In performing Step I of the goodwill impairment test, the estimated fair value of the Oil Re-refining and Recycling reporting unit was determined using an income approach and was compared to the reporting unit's estimated carrying value as of September 30, 2014. Based on the results of that valuation, the carrying amount of the reporting unit, including $174.3 million of goodwill, exceeded the estimated fair value and as a result the Company performed Step II of the goodwill impairment test to determine the amount of goodwill impairment charge to be recorded.

Step II of the goodwill impairment test requires the Company to perform a theoretical purchase price allocation for the reporting unit to determine the implied fair value of goodwill and to compare the implied fair value of goodwill to the recorded amount of goodwill. The estimate of fair value requires significant judgment. Based on the results of the goodwill impairment test, the Company recognized a goodwill impairment charge of $123.4 million.

The factors contributing to the $123.4 million goodwill impairment charge principally relate to current decreases in the market prices of base and blended oil products. These factors caused us, relative to the 2013 impairment test, to lower assumptions for future revenues and profits of the business and adversely affected the estimated fair value of the reporting unit as of September 30, 2014.

The fair value of the Oil and Gas Field Services reporting unit exceeded its carrying value by more than 10% at December 31, 2013. The financial performance of this reporting unit, which had a goodwill balance of approximately $34.9 million at September 30, 2014, was affected in the nine months ended September 30, 2014 by pricing pressures and lower levels of overall activity in the markets and regions that the business serves.

During the interim periods of fiscal year 2014 and with respect to the Oil and Gas Field Services reporting unit, the Company has considered whether (i) the lower than anticipated results (ii) general economic and industry conditions, and (iii) reporting unit specific factors would more likely than not reduce the estimated fair values of its reporting units below their carrying values. The Company did not perform an interim test for impairment of goodwill related to the Oil and Gas Field Services reporting unit as it does not believe the factors impacting the performance of this reporting unit, through September 30, 2014, would more likely than not reduce the fair value below its carrying value.

Significant judgments and unobservable inputs categorized as level III in the fair value hierarchy are inherent in the annual impairment tests performed and include assumptions about the amount and timing of expected future cash flows, growth rates, and the determination of appropriate discount rates. The Company believes that the assumptions used in its annual and interim date impairment tests are reasonable, but variations in any of the assumptions may result in different calculations of fair values that could result in a material impairment charge.

The performance of the Company's reporting units will continue to be monitored. If the Company's reporting units do not achieve the financial performance that the Company expects, it is possible that an additional goodwill impairment charge may result. There can therefore be no assurance that future events will not result in an impairment of goodwill.

As a result of the goodwill impairment charge recorded by the Oil Re-refining and Recycling reporting unit during the third quarter, the Company also considered whether the reporting units' carrying values of finite-lived intangible and other long lived assets may not be entirely recoverable or whether the carrying value of certain indefinite lived intangibles were impaired. As a result of these analyses it was concluded that no impairment of intangible or other long lived assets exist.

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Below is a summary of amortizable other intangible assets (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
 
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
 
Weighted
Average
Remaining Amortization
Period
(in years)
 
Cost
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
 
Weighted
Average
Remaining Amortization
Period
(in years)
Permits
$
157,408

 
$
54,110

 
$
103,298

 
20.1
 
$
157,327

 
$
50,858

 
$
106,469

 
19.6
Customer and supplier relationships
373,478

 
72,201

 
301,277

 
11.2
 
377,899

 
52,814

 
325,085

 
12.1
Other intangible assets
31,714

 
18,417

 
13,297

 
3.0
 
29,299

 
15,518

 
13,781

 
3.3
Total amortizable permits and other intangible assets
562,600

 
144,728

 
417,872

 
11.4
 
564,525

 
119,190

 
445,335

 
12.2
Trademarks and trade names
124,002

 

 
124,002

 
Indefinite
 
124,638

 

 
124,638

 
Indefinite
Total permits and other intangible assets
$
686,602

 
$
144,728

 
$
541,874

 

 
$
689,163

 
$
119,190

 
$
569,973

 

Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 was $9.1 million and $27.5 million, respectively. Amortization expense for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013 was $8.8 million and $25.9 million, respectively.
Below is the expected future amortization of the net carrying amount of finite-lived intangible assets at September 30, 2014 (in thousands):
Years Ending December 31,
Expected Amortization
2014 (three months)
$
8,979

2015
35,687

2016
34,901

2017
32,923

2018
30,097

Thereafter
275,285

 
$
417,872

(8) ACCRUED EXPENSES
Accrued expenses consisted of the following (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Insurance
$
65,558

 
$
57,993

Interest
17,809

 
20,731

Accrued compensation and benefits
59,604

 
60,902

Income, real estate, sales and other taxes
67,000

 
38,938

Other
50,152

 
58,265

Total accrued expenses
$
260,123

 
$
236,829


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(9) CLOSURE AND POST-CLOSURE LIABILITIES
The changes to closure and post-closure liabilities (also referred to as “asset retirement obligations”) for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were as follows (in thousands):
 
Landfill
Retirement
Liability
 
Non-Landfill
Retirement
Liability
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
27,604

 
$
19,481

 
$
47,085

New asset retirement obligations
2,676

 

 
2,676

Accretion
1,912

 
1,399

 
3,311

Changes in estimates recorded to statement of income
(722
)
 
142

 
(580
)
Changes in estimates recorded to balance sheet
(103
)
 

 
(103
)
Expenditures
(1,568
)
 
(476
)
 
(2,044
)
Currency translation and other
(137
)
 
(82
)
 
(219
)
Balance at September 30, 2014
$
29,662

 
$
20,464

 
$
50,126

All of the landfill facilities included in the above were active as of September 30, 2014. New asset retirement obligations incurred during the first nine months of 2014 were discounted at the credit-adjusted risk-free rate of 6.54%. There were no significant charges (benefits) in 2014 resulting from changes in estimates for closure and post-closure liabilities.
(10) REMEDIAL LIABILITIES 
The changes to remedial liabilities for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were as follows (in thousands):
 
Remedial
Liabilities for
Landfill Sites
 
Remedial
Liabilities for
Inactive Sites
 
Remedial
Liabilities
(Including
Superfund) for
Non-Landfill
Operations
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
5,624

 
$
74,262

 
$
92,612

 
$
172,498

Adjustments during the measurement period related to Evergreen

 

 
(536
)
 
(536
)
Accretion
200

 
2,280

 
2,184

 
4,664

Changes in estimates recorded to statement of income
(126
)
 
(2,385
)
 
100

 
(2,411
)
Expenditures
(82
)
 
(4,338
)
 
(5,666
)
 
(10,086
)
Currency translation and other
(146
)
 
(63
)
 
(1,045
)
 
(1,254
)
Balance at September 30, 2014
$
5,470

 
$
69,756

 
$
87,649

 
$
162,875

In the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the reduction in changes in estimates recorded to the statement of (loss) income was $2.4 million and primarily related to estimated cost adjustments for remediation across various sites.
(11) FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS 
The following table is a summary of the Company’s financing arrangements (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
Senior unsecured notes, at 5.25%, due August 1, 2020
$
800,000

 
$
800,000

Senior unsecured notes, at 5.125%, due June 1, 2021
595,000

 
600,000

Long-term obligations
$
1,395,000

 
$
1,400,000

   
On July 30, 2012, the Company issued through a private placement $800.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.25% senior unsecured notes due August 1, 2020 ("2020 Notes") with semi-annually fixed interest payments on February 1 and August 1 of each year, which commenced on February 1, 2013. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the fair value of the Company's 2020 Notes was $794.9 million and $804.2 million, respectively, based on quoted market prices for the instrument and accrued interest. The fair value of the 2020 Notes is considered a Level 2 measure according to the fair value hierarchy.
On December 7, 2012, the Company issued through a private placement $600.0 million aggregate principal amount of 5.125% senior unsecured notes due 2021 ("2021 Notes") with semi-annually fixed interest payments on June 1 and December 1 of each year, which commenced on June 1, 2013. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the fair value of the Company's 2021

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Notes was $586.2 million and $601.6 million, respectively, based on quoted market prices for the instrument and accrued interest. The fair value of the 2021 Notes is considered a Level 2 measure according to the fair value hierarchy.
The Company also maintains a revolving credit facility which as of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013 had no outstanding loan balances. At September 30, 2014, $262.1 million was available to borrow and outstanding letters of credit were $110.4 million. At December 31, 2013, $259.7 million was available to borrow and outstanding letters of credit were $140.3 million.
Available credit for Parent and its domestic subsidiaries is subject to 85% of their eligible accounts receivable and 100% of their cash deposited in a controlled account with the agent. The revolving credit facility is guaranteed by all of Parent’s domestic subsidiaries and secured by substantially all of Parent’s and its domestic subsidiaries’ assets. Available credit for Parent’s Canadian subsidiaries is subject to 85% of their eligible accounts receivable and 100% of their cash deposited in a controlled account with the agent’s Canadian affiliate. The obligations of the Canadian subsidiaries under the revolving credit facility are guaranteed by all of Parent’s Canadian subsidiaries and secured by the accounts receivable of the Canadian subsidiaries, but the Canadian subsidiaries do not guarantee and are not otherwise responsible for the obligations of Parent or its domestic subsidiaries.

(12) INCOME TAXES 
As a result of the goodwill impairment charge recorded in the third quarter, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $2.7 million. Absent the impact of the impairment charge on pre-tax income from operations the Company’s effective tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 was 55.6% and 47.3% compared to 34.7% and 34.5% for the same period in 2013. The increase in the effective rates for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 is due to a greater sales mix in the U.S. versus Canada and the recording of a reduction to a deferred tax asset.
As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had recorded $1.3 million of liabilities for unrecognized tax benefits and $0.2 million of interest, respectively.
Due to expiring statute of limitation periods, the Company believes that total unrecognized tax benefits will decrease by approximately $0.1 million within the next 12 months. 
(13) (LOSS) EARNINGS PER SHARE     
The following are computations of basic and diluted earnings per share (in thousands except for per share amounts):
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Numerator for basic and diluted (loss) earnings per share:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income
$
(93,337
)
 
$
35,361

 
$
(55,705
)
 
$
68,765

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Denominator:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic shares outstanding
60,369

 
60,610

 
60,585

 
60,542

Dilutive effect of equity-based compensation awards

 
150

 

 
150

Dilutive shares outstanding
60,369

 
60,760

 
60,585

 
60,692

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic (loss) earnings per share:
$
(1.55
)
 
$
0.58

 
$
(0.92
)
 
$
1.14

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Diluted (loss) earnings per share:
$
(1.55
)
 
$
0.58

 
$
(0.92
)
 
$
1.13

As a result of the net loss reported in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, all outstanding restricted stock awards and performance awards totaling 624,145 were excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share as their inclusion would have an antidilutive effect. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013, the EPS calculations above included the dilutive effects of all then outstanding restricted stock awards and performance awards except for 173,000 of outstanding performance stock awards for which the performance criteria were not attained at that time.

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(14) ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component and related tax effects for the nine months ended September 30, 2014 were as follows (in thousands):    
 
Foreign Currency Translation
 
Unrealized Gains on Available-For-Sale Securities
 
Unfunded Pension Liability
 
Total
Balance at January 1, 2014
$
(20,164
)
 
$
1,904

 
$
(1,296
)
 
$
(19,556
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications
(52,582
)
 
1,060

 

 
(51,522
)
Amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss

 
(3,388
)
 

 
(3,388
)
Tax effects

 
349

 

 
349

Other comprehensive loss
$
(52,582
)
 
$
(1,979
)
 
$

 
$
(54,561
)
Balance at September 30, 2014
$
(72,746
)
 
$
(75
)
 
$
(1,296
)
 
$
(74,117
)
The amounts reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive loss into the consolidated statement of income, with presentation location during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Nine Months Ended
 
 
Comprehensive Loss Components
 
September 30, 2014
 
September 30, 2014
 
Location
Unrealized gains on available-for-sale investments
 
$
27

 
$
3,388

 
Other income (expense)

There were no reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive loss into the consolidated statement of income during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2013.

(15) STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Stock Awards
The following table summarizes the total number and type of awards granted during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014, as well as the related weighted-average grant-date fair values:
 
Three Months Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30, 2014
 
September 30, 2014
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
 
Shares
 
Weighted Average
Grant-Date
Fair Value
Restricted stock awards
5,000

 
$
59.01

 
112,630

 
$
61.43

Performance stock awards

 
$

 
130,107

 
$
62.20

Total awards
5,000

 
 

 
242,737

 
 

Restricted stock awards issued during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 carry terms which are consistent with historical grants. For the performance stock awards granted during the nine months ended September 30, 2014, the Compensation Committee of the Company's Board of Directors established two-year performance targets which could potentially be achieved in either 2014 or 2015.
Common Stock Repurchases
On February 25, 2014, the Company's Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $150 million of the Company's common stock. As of September 30, 2014, we had repurchased and retired a total of approximately 923,000 shares of our common stock for approximately $53.8 million under this program. As of September 30, 2014, an additional $96.2 million remains available for repurchase of shares under the current authorized program.

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(16) COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
Legal and Administrative Proceedings
The Company and its subsidiaries are subject to legal proceedings and claims arising in the ordinary course of business. Actions filed against the Company arise from commercial and employment-related claims including alleged class actions related to sales practices and wage and hour claims. The plaintiffs in these actions may be seeking damages or injunctive relief or both. These actions are in various jurisdictions and stages of proceedings, and some are covered in part by insurance. In addition, the Company’s waste management services operations are regulated by federal, state, provincial and local laws enacted to regulate discharge of materials into the environment, remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater or otherwise protect the environment. This ongoing regulation results in the Company frequently becoming a party to legal or administrative proceedings involving all levels of governmental authorities and other interested parties. The issues involved in such proceedings generally relate to alleged violations of existing permits and licenses or alleged responsibility under federal or state Superfund laws to remediate contamination at properties owned either by the Company or by other parties (“third party sites”) to which either the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company’s facilities shipped wastes.
At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had recorded reserves of $42.1 million and $41.7 million, respectively, in the Company's financial statements for actual or probable liabilities related to the legal and administrative proceedings in which the Company was then involved, the principal of which are described below. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company also believed that it was reasonably possible that the amount of these potential liabilities could be as much as $3.2 million and $3.5 million more, respectively. The Company periodically adjusts the aggregate amount of these reserves when actual or probable liabilities are paid or otherwise discharged, new claims arise, or additional relevant information about existing or probable claims becomes available. As of September 30, 2014, the $42.1 million of reserves consisted of (i) $32.5 million related to pending legal or administrative proceedings, including Superfund liabilities, which were included in remedial liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets, and (ii) $9.6 million primarily related to federal, state and provincial enforcement actions, which were included in accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets.
As of September 30, 2014, the principal legal and administrative proceedings in which the Company was involved, or which had been terminated during 2014, were as follows:
Ville Mercier.    In September 2002, the Company acquired the stock of a subsidiary (the "Mercier Subsidiary") which owns a hazardous waste incinerator in Ville Mercier, Quebec (the "Mercier Facility"). The property adjacent to the Mercier Facility, which is also owned by the Mercier Subsidiary, is now contaminated as a result of actions dating back to 1968, when the Government of Quebec issued to a company unrelated to the Mercier Subsidiary two permits to dump organic liquids into lagoons on the property. In 1999, Ville Mercier and three neighboring municipalities filed separate legal proceedings against the Mercier Subsidiary and the Government of Quebec. In 2012, the municipalities amended their existing statement of claim to seek $2.9 million (cdn) in general damages and $10.0 million (cdn) in punitive damages, plus interest and costs, as well as injunctive relief. Both the Government of Quebec and the Company have filed summary judgment motions against the municipalities. The parties are currently attempting to negotiate a resolution and hearings on the motions have been delayed. In September 2007, the Quebec Minister of Sustainable Development, Environment and Parks issued a Notice pursuant to Section 115.1 of the Environment Quality Act, superseding Notices issued in 1992, which are the subject of the pending litigation. The more recent Notice notifies the Mercier Subsidiary that, if the Mercier Subsidiary does not take certain remedial measures at the site, the Minister intends to undertake those measures at the site and claim direct and indirect costs related to such measures.
The Mercier Subsidiary continues to assert that it has no responsibility for the groundwater contamination in the region and will contest any action by the Ministry to impose costs for remedial measures on the Mercier Subsidiary. The Company also continues to pursue settlement options. At September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, the Company had accrued $13.1 million and $13.6 million, respectively, for remedial liabilities relating to the Ville Mercier legal proceedings.
Refinery Incident. In September 2014, a customer filed suit in Texas against the Company and two other contractors and their respective insurers seeking to be named as an additional insured on the Company’s and the other contractors’ liability policies for an April 2013 industrial fire that occurred at the customer’s refining facility in Texas.  The Company is not a defendant in plaintiffs’ suits arising from the fire. While the Company was not performing services at the time of the fire, it had provided services previously at the work site.  The Company is denying liability in the matter, and is defending the insurance action brought by the customer.  Any potential liability is not currently estimable, and the Company believes it has adequate insurance coverage.  The Company continues to work with all interested parties to resolve the matter.


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Table of Contents

Safety-Kleen Legal Proceedings. On December 28, 2012, the Company acquired Safety-Kleen and thereby became subject to the legal proceedings in which Safety-Kleen was a party on that date. In addition to certain Superfund proceedings in which Safety-Kleen has been named as a potentially responsible party as described below under “Superfund Proceedings,” the principal such legal proceedings involving Safety-Kleen which were outstanding as of September 30, 2014 were as follows:
Product Liability Cases. Safety-Kleen is named as a defendant in various lawsuits that are currently pending in various courts and jurisdictions throughout the United States, including approximately 58 proceedings (excluding cases which have been settled but not formally dismissed) as of September 30, 2014, wherein persons claim personal injury resulting from the use of Safety-Kleen's parts cleaning equipment or cleaning products. These proceedings typically involve allegations that the solvent used in Safety-Kleen's parts cleaning equipment contains contaminants and/or that Safety-Kleen's recycling process does not effectively remove the contaminants that become entrained in the solvent during their use. In addition, certain claimants assert that Safety-Kleen failed to warn adequately the product user of potential risks, including an historic failure to warn that solvent contains trace amounts of toxic or hazardous substances such as benzene. Safety-Kleen maintains insurance that it believes will provide coverage for these claims (over amounts accrued for self-insured retentions and deductibles in certain limited cases), except for punitive damages to the extent not insurable under state law or excluded from insurance coverage. Safety-Kleen believes that these claims lack merit and has historically vigorously defended, and intends to continue to vigorously defend, itself and the safety of its products against all of these claims. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties and outcomes are not predictable with assurance. Consequently, Safety-Kleen is unable to ascertain the ultimate aggregate amount of monetary liability or financial impact with respect to these matters as of September 30, 2014. From December 31, 2013 to September 30, 2014, 14 product liability claims were settled or dismissed. Due to the nature of these claims and the related insurance, the Company did not incur any expense as Safety-Kleen's insurance provided coverage in full for all such claims. Safety-Kleen may be named in similar, additional lawsuits in the future, including claims for which insurance coverage may not be available.    
Fee Class Action Claims. In October 2010, two customers filed a complaint, individually and on behalf of all similarly situated customers in the State of Alabama, alleging that Safety-Kleen improperly assessed fuel surcharges and extended area service fees. In 2012, similar lawsuits were filed by the same law firm in California and Missouri. It is Safety-Kleen's position that it had the right to assess fuel surcharges, that the customers were contractually obligated or otherwise consented to the charges, and that the surcharges were voluntarily paid by the customers when presented with an invoice. A class has not been certified in any of these cases, and the parties are attempting to resolve the matter through negotiations.
Superfund Proceedings
The Company has been notified that either the Company (which, since December 28, 2012, includes Safety-Kleen) or the prior owners of certain of the Company's facilities for which the Company may have certain indemnification obligations have been identified as potentially responsible parties ("PRPs") or potential PRPs in connection with 126 sites which are subject to or are proposed to become subject to proceedings under federal or state Superfund laws. Of the 126 sites, two (the Wichita Facility and the BR Facility described below) involve facilities that are now owned by the Company and 124 involve third party sites to which either the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company’s facilities shipped wastes. Of the 124 third party sites, 29 are now settled, 20 are currently requiring expenditures on remediation and 75 are not currently requiring expenditures on remediation.
In connection with each site, the Company has estimated the extent, if any, to which it may be subject, either directly or as a result of any indemnification obligations, for cleanup and remediation costs, related legal and consulting costs associated with PRP investigations, settlements, and related legal and administrative proceedings. The amount of such actual and potential liability is inherently difficult to estimate because of, among other relevant factors, uncertainties as to the legal liability (if any) of the Company or the prior owners of certain of the Company's facilities to contribute a portion of the cleanup costs, the assumptions that must be made in calculating the estimated cost and timing of remediation, the identification of other PRPs and their respective capability and obligation to contribute to remediation efforts, and the existence and legal standing of indemnification agreements (if any) with prior owners, which may either benefit the Company or subject the Company to potential indemnification obligations. In addition to the Wichita Property and the BR Facility, Clean Harbors believes its potential liability could exceed $100,000 at 13 of the 124 third party sites.
Wichita Property.    The Company acquired in 2002 as part of the CSD assets a service center located in Wichita, Kansas (the "Wichita Property"). The Wichita Property is one of several properties located within the boundaries of a 1,400 acre state-designated Superfund site in an old industrial section of Wichita known as the North Industrial Corridor Site. Along with numerous other PRPs, the former owner executed a consent decree relating to such site with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (the "EPA"), and the Company is continuing an ongoing remediation program for the Wichita Property in accordance with that consent decree. The Company also acquired rights under an indemnification agreement between the former owner and an earlier owner of the Wichita Property which the Company anticipates but cannot guarantee will be available to reimburse certain such cleanup costs.

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Table of Contents

BR Facility.    The Company acquired in 2002 a former hazardous waste incinerator and landfill in Baton Rouge (the "BR Facility"), for which operations had been previously discontinued by the prior owner. In September 2007, the EPA issued a special notice letter to the Company related to the Devil's Swamp Lake Site ("Devil's Swamp") in East Baton Rouge Parish, Louisiana. Devil's Swamp includes a lake located downstream of an outfall ditch where wastewater and stormwater have been discharged, and Devil's Swamp is proposed to be included on the National Priorities List due to the presence of Contaminants of Concern ("COC") cited by the EPA. These COCs include substances of the kind found in wastewater and storm water discharged from the BR Facility in past operations. The EPA originally requested COC generators to submit a good faith offer to conduct a remedial investigation feasibility study directed towards the eventual remediation of the site. The Company is currently performing corrective actions at the BR Facility under an order issued by the Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality (the "LDEQ"), and has begun conducting the remedial investigation and feasibility study under an order issued by the EPA. The Company cannot presently estimate the potential additional liability for the Devil's Swamp cleanup until a final remedy is selected by the EPA.
Third Party Sites.    Of the 124 third party sites at which the Company has been notified it is a PRP or potential PRP or may have indemnification obligations, Clean Harbors has an indemnification agreement at 11 of these sites with ChemWaste, a former subsidiary of Waste Management, Inc., and at five additional of these third party sites, Safety-Kleen has a similar indemnification agreement with McKesson Corporation. These agreements indemnify the Company (which now includes Safety-Kleen) with respect to any liability at the 16 sites for waste disposed prior to the Company's (or Safety-Kleen's) acquisition of the former subsidiaries of Waste Management or McKesson which had shipped wastes to those sites. Accordingly, Waste Management or McKesson are paying all costs of defending those subsidiaries in those 16 cases, including legal fees and settlement costs. However, there can be no guarantee that the Company's ultimate liabilities for those sites will not exceed the amount recorded or that indemnities applicable to any of these sites will be available to pay all or a portion of related costs. Except for the indemnification agreements which the Company holds from ChemWaste and McKesson, the Company does not have an indemnity agreement with respect to any of the 124 third party sites discussed above.
Federal, State and Provincial Enforcement Actions
From time to time, the Company pays fines or penalties in regulatory proceedings relating primarily to waste treatment, storage or disposal facilities. As of September 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, there were five proceedings for which the Company reasonably believed that the sanctions could equal or exceed $100,000. The Company believes that the fines or other penalties in these or any of the other regulatory proceedings will, individually or in the aggregate, not have a material effect on its financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
(17) SEGMENT REPORTING 
During the second quarter of 2014, the Company made changes to the manner in which it manages its business, makes operating decisions and assesses performance. These changes included the reassignment of certain departments among its operating segments consistent with management reporting changes as well as the identification of Lodging Services as an additional segment. Under the new structure, the Company's operations are managed in six reportable segments based primarily upon the nature of the various operations and services provided: Technical Services, Industrial and Field Services which consists of the Industrial Services and Field Services operating segments, Oil Re-refining and Recycling, SK Environmental Services, Lodging Services and Oil and Gas Field Services. The prior year segment information has been recast to conform to the current year presentation.
The following table reconciles third party revenues to direct revenues for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands):

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For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Third party revenues
 
Intersegment revenues, net
 
Corporate Items, net
 
Direct revenues
 
Third party revenues
 
Intersegment revenues, net
 
Corporate Items, net
 
Direct revenues
Technical Services
$
272,478

 
$
39,296

 
$
1,628

 
$
313,402

 
$
766,057

 
$
116,812

 
$
2,805

 
$
885,674

Industrial and Field Services
163,582

 
(9,234
)
 
29

 
154,377

 
510,696

 
(32,039
)
 
220

 
478,877

Oil Re-refining and Recycling
140,345

 
(52,606
)
 

 
87,739

 
413,282

 
(155,583
)
 
(5
)
 
257,694

SK Environmental Services
170,980

 
21,212

 

 
192,192

 
503,692

 
64,476

 
(58
)
 
568,110

Lodging Services
36,582

 
697

 
26

 
37,305

 
136,148

 
1,991

 
52

 
138,191

Oil and Gas Field Services
67,370

 
635

 
4

 
68,009

 
226,319

 
4,343

 
(6
)
 
230,656

Corporate Items
128

 

 
(1,687
)
 
(1,559
)
 
418

 

 
(3,008
)
 
(2,590
)
Total
$
851,465

 
$

 
$

 
$
851,465

 
$
2,556,612

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,556,612

 
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2013
 
For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2013
 
Third party revenues
 
Intersegment revenues, net
 
Corporate Items, net
 
Direct revenues
 
Third party revenues
 
Intersegment revenues, net
 
Corporate Items, net
 
Direct revenues
Technical Services
$
269,465

 
$
35,406

 
$
964

 
$
305,835

 
$
759,666

 
$
85,614

 
$
3,155

 
$
848,435

Industrial and Field Services
174,829

 
(8,109
)
 
(72
)
 
166,648

 
543,675

 
(34,549
)
 
(178
)
 
508,948

Oil Re-refining and Recycling
131,934

 
(45,566
)
 

 
86,368

 
395,026

 
(143,853
)
 

 
251,173

SK Environmental Services
170,166

 
17,164

 

 
187,330

 
496,491

 
84,241

 
84

 
580,816

Lodging Services
55,571

 
812

 
145

 
56,528

 
155,586

 
2,621

 
362

 
158,569

Oil and Gas Field Services
104,981

 
293

 
(114
)
 
105,160

 
288,588

 
5,926

 
(314
)
 
294,200

Corporate Items
589

 

 
(923
)
 
(334
)
 
(8,806
)
 

 
(3,109
)
 
(11,915
)
Total
$
907,535

 
$

 
$

 
$
907,535

 
$
2,630,226

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,630,226

Third party revenue is revenue billed to outside customers by a particular segment. Direct revenue is revenue allocated to the segment performing the provided service. Intersegment revenues represent the sharing of third party revenues among the segments based on products and services provided by each segment as if the products and services were sold directly to the third party. The intersegment revenues are shown net. The negative intersegment revenues are due to more transfers out of customer revenues to other segments than transfers in of customer revenues from other segments. The operations not managed through the Company’s six reportable segments are recorded as “Corporate Items.” Corporate Items revenues consist of two different operations for which the revenues are insignificant. Corporate Items cost of revenues represents certain central services that are not allocated to the six segments for internal reporting purposes. Corporate Items selling, general and administrative expenses include typical corporate items such as legal, accounting and other items of a general corporate nature that are not allocated to the Company’s six reportable segments. Performance of the segments is evaluated on several factors, of which the primary financial measure is “Adjusted EBITDA,” which consists of net (loss) income plus accretion of environmental liabilities, depreciation and amortization, net interest expense, provision for income taxes, other non-cash charges not deemed representative of fundamental segment results and excludes other (income) expense. Transactions between the segments are accounted for at the Company’s best estimate based on similar transactions with outside customers. 

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Table of Contents

The following table presents Adjusted EBITDA information used by management for each reportable segment (in thousands). The Company does not allocate interest expense, income taxes, depreciation, amortization, accretion of environmental liabilities, other non-cash charges not deemed representative of fundamental segment results, and other (income) expense to its segments.    
 
For the Three Months Ended
 
For the Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2014
 
2013
Adjusted EBITDA:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Technical Services
$
86,928

 
$
78,849

 
$
233,402

 
$
208,284

Industrial and Field Services
20,303

 
26,709

 
67,391

 
75,281

Oil Re-refining and Recycling
21,473

 
18,652

 
49,252

 
46,750

SK Environmental Services
30,853

 
23,192

 
84,985

 
84,274

Lodging Services
15,972

 
21,710

 
49,196

 
63,270

Oil and Gas Field Services
9,545

 
20,530

 
27,688

 
52,458

Corporate Items
(31,717
)
 
(43,690
)
 
(120,772
)
 
(149,547
)
Total
$
153,357

 
$
145,952

 
$
391,142

 
$
380,770

Reconciliation to Consolidated Statements of (Loss) Income:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Pre-tax, non-cash acquisition accounting inventory adjustment

 

 

 
13,559

Accretion of environmental liabilities
2,642

 
2,914

 
7,975

 
8,628

Depreciation and amortization
70,049

 
69,430

 
205,480

 
196,904

Goodwill impairment charge
123,414

 

 
123,414

 

(Loss) income from operations
(42,748
)
 
73,608

 
54,273

 
161,679

Other (income) expense
(613
)
 
150

 
(4,136
)
 
(2,030
)
Interest expense, net of interest income
19,494

 
19,326

 
58,430

 
58,784

(Loss) income before provision for income taxes
$
(61,629
)
 
$
54,132

 
$
(21
)
 
$
104,925

The following table presents certain assets by reportable segment and in the aggregate (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
Technical
Services
 
Industrial and Field
Services
 
Oil Re-refining and Recycling
 
SK Environmental Services
 
Lodging Services
 
Oil and Gas Field
Services
 
Corporate
Items
 
Totals
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
412,008

 
$
252,159

 
$
204,468

 
$
242,193

 
$
143,493

 
$
223,822

 
$
101,558

 
$
1,579,701

Goodwill
50,336

 
108,514

 
51,152

 
170,986

 
33,717

 
34,872

 

 
449,577

Permits and other intangible, net
76,594

 
18,868

 
153,801

 
256,171

 
11,738

 
24,702

 

 
541,874

Total assets
$
758,294

 
$
409,807

 
$
545,213

 
$
740,109

 
$
223,565

 
$
377,607

 
$
706,622

 
$
3,761,217

 
December 31, 2013
 
Technical
Services
 
Industrial and Field
Services
 
Oil Re-refining and Recycling
 
SK Environmental Services
 
Lodging Services
 
Oil and Gas Field
Services
 
Corporate
Items
 
Totals
Property, plant and equipment, net
$
400,544

 
$
251,826

 
$
211,458

 
$
239,650

 
$
166,252

 
$
224,585

 
$
107,855

 
$
1,602,170

Goodwill
45,599

 
109,873

 
171,161

 
172,309

 
35,512

 
36,506

 

 
570,960

Permits and other intangible, net
80,302

 
21,147

 
160,807

 
265,106

 
14,730

 
27,881

 

 
569,973

Total assets
$
699,675

 
$
410,233

 
$
642,901

 
$
774,756

 
$
239,056

 
$
381,057

 
$
806,000

 
$
3,953,678


18

Table of Contents

The following table presents total assets by geographical area (in thousands):
 
September 30, 2014
 
December 31, 2013
United States
$
2,580,598

 
$
2,684,686

Canada
1,177,819

 
1,266,505

Other foreign
2,800

 
2,487

Total
$
3,761,217

 
$
3,953,678

(18) GUARANTOR AND NON-GUARANTOR SUBSIDIARIES FINANCIAL INFORMATION
The 2020 Notes and 2021 Notes are guaranteed by substantially all of the Company's subsidiaries organized in the United States. Each guarantor for the 2020 Notes and 2021 Notes is a 100% owned subsidiary of the Company and its guarantee is both full and unconditional and joint and several.  The 2020 Notes and 2021 Notes are not guaranteed by the Company’s Canadian or other foreign subsidiaries. The following presents supplemental condensed consolidating financial information for the parent company, the guarantor subsidiaries and the non-guarantor subsidiaries, respectively.
Following is the condensed consolidating balance sheet at September 30, 2014 (in thousands):
 
Clean
Harbors, Inc.
 
U.S. Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Foreign
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Consolidating
Adjustments
 
Total
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,006

 
$
164,527

 
$
92,488

 
$

 
$
258,021

Intercompany receivables
233,872

 
2,410

 
189,823

 
(426,105
)
 

Accounts receivable, net

 
411,440

 
164,135

 

 
575,575

Other current assets
24,058

 
211,238

 
85,045

 

 
320,341

Property, plant and equipment, net

 
968,839

 
610,862

 

 
1,579,701

Investments in subsidiaries
2,607,342

 
815,030

 

 
(3,422,372
)
 

Intercompany debt receivable

 
362,470

 
3,701

 
(366,171
)
 

Goodwill

 
319,539

 
130,038

 

 
449,577

Permits and other intangibles, net

 
441,680

 
100,194

 

 
541,874

Other long-term assets
24,576

 
3,687

 
7,865

 

 
36,128

Total assets
$
2,890,854

 
$
3,700,860

 
$
1,384,151

 
$
(4,214,648
)
 
$
3,761,217

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
$
79,117

 
$
410,015

 
$
119,738

 
$

 
$
608,870

Intercompany payables

 
423,646

 
2,459

 
(426,105
)
 

Closure, post-closure and remedial liabilities, net

 
150,339

 
29,920

 

 
180,259

Long-term obligations
1,395,000

 

 

 

 
1,395,000

Capital lease obligations, net

 
104

 
629

 

 
733

Intercompany debt payable
3,701

 

 
362,470

 
(366,171
)
 

Other long-term liabilities
92,485

 
109,414

 
53,905

 

 
255,804

Total liabilities
1,570,303

 
1,093,518

 
569,121

 
(792,276
)
 
2,440,666

Stockholders’ equity
1,320,551

 
2,607,342

 
815,030

 
(3,422,372
)
 
1,320,551

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
2,890,854

 
$
3,700,860

 
$
1,384,151

 
$
(4,214,648
)
 
$
3,761,217



19

Table of Contents

Following is the condensed consolidating balance sheet at December 31, 2013 (in thousands):
 
Clean
Harbors, Inc.
 
U.S. Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Foreign
Non-Guarantor
Subsidiaries
 
Consolidating
Adjustments
 
Total
Assets:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,006

 
$
235,445

 
$
73,622

 
$

 
$
310,073

Intercompany receivables
269,580

 
2,448

 
230,224

 
(502,252
)
 

Accounts receivables

 
387,006

 
192,388

 

 
579,394

Other current assets
24,087

 
182,881

 
74,744

 

 
281,712

Property, plant and equipment, net

 
945,280

 
656,890

 

 
1,602,170

Investments in subsidiaries
2,683,158

 
967,186

 
144,953

 
(3,795,297
)
 

Intercompany debt receivable

 
493,402

 
3,701

 
(497,103
)
 

Goodwill

 
415,541

 
155,419

 

 
570,960

Permits and other intangibles, net

 
458,917

 
111,056

 

 
569,973

Other long-term assets
23,770

 
7,018

 
8,608

 

 
39,396

Total assets
$
3,001,601

 
$
4,095,124

 
$
1,651,605

 
$
(4,794,652
)
 
$
3,953,678

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Current liabilities
$
33,626

 
$
466,454

 
$
139,465

 
$

 
$
639,545

Intercompany payables

 
499,749